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Sources / Références

Les médecins américains vantent les vertus de la résine de Shilajit

Sources et références pour études sur le Shilajit :

Pandit S, Biswas S, Jana U et al. Clinical evaluation of purified Shilajit on testosterone levels in healthy volunteers. Andrologia. 2016 Jun;48(5):570-5.

Winkler J & Ghosh S. Therapeutic Potential of Fulvic Acid in Chronic Inflammatory Diseases and Diabetes. J Diabetes Res. 2018; 2018: 5391014.

Gandy JJ, Snyman JR & van Rensburg CEJ. Randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of carbohydrate-derived fulvic acid in topical treatment of eczema. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2011; 4: 145–148.

Agarwal SP, Khanna R, Karmarkar R et al. Shilajit: a review. Phytother Res. 2007 May;21(5):401-5.

Ghezelbash B, Shahrokhi N, Khaksari M et al. Hepatoprotective effects of Shilajit on high fat-diet induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in rats. Horm Mol Biol Clin Investig. 2020 Feb 14;41(1)

Wilson E, Rajamanickam GV, Duvey GP et al. Review on shilajit used in traditional Indian medicine. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Jun 14;136(1):1-9.

- Jaiswal A.K. et al., Effects of shilajit on memory, anxiety and brain monoamines in rats, Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 1992, 24: 12-17.
- Schliebs R. et al., Systemic administration of defined extracts from Withania somnifera and shilajit differentially affects cholinergic but not glutamatergic and GABAergic markers in rats brain, Neurochem. Int., 1997 Feb, 30(2): 181-90.
- Gupta S.S., Effect of shilajit, Ficus bengalensis & ant pituitary extract on glucose tolerance in rats, Indian J. Med. Res., 1966, 54: 354-66.
- Bhattacharya S.K. et al., Shilajit attenuates streptozotocin induced DM & decrease in pancreatic islet superoxide dismutase activity in rats, Phytoter. Res., 1999, 9: 41-4.
- Trivedi N.A. et al., Effect of shilajit on blood glucose and lipid profile in alloxan-induced diabetic rats, Indian J. Pharmacol., December 2004, vol. 36, issue 6, 373-376.
- Nidhi S. et al., Modulation of oxidative and antioxidative status in diabetes by asphaltum panjabinum, Diabetes Care, 2003, 26: 2469-2470.
- Park J.S. et al., The spermatogenic ans ovogenic effects of chronically administered shilajit to rats, J. Ethnopharmacol., 2006 Apr 18, e-pub ahead of print

- Golnaz Malekzadeh. Mumijo atténue la douleur inflammatoire induite chimiquement chez la souris. Alternative Therapies in Health And Medicine. Mars 2015.

-  S. Pandit. Évaluation clinique de Shilajit purifié sur les niveaux de testostérone chez des volontaires sains. Andrologie. Juin 2016.

-  Evaluation des effets du Shilajit

- Carolos Carrasco-Gallardo. Les nutraceutiques peuvent-ils prévenir la maladie d'Alzheimer ? Rôle thérapeutique potentiel d'une formulation contenant du shilajit et des vitamines B complexes. Archive of Medical Research. Novembre 2012.

Sources et références pour études sur la maca : 

- Gonzales GF, Córdova A, Vega K, et al. Effect of Lepidium meyenii (MACA) on sexual desire and its absent relationship with serum testosterone levels in adult healthy men. Andrologia. 2002;34(6):367-372.

- Stone M, Ibarra A, Roller M, Zangara A, Stevenson E. A pilot investigation into the effect of maca supplementation on physical activity and sexual desire in sportsmen. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009 Dec 10;126(3):574-6.

- Brooks NA, Wilcox G, Walker KZ, Ashton JF, Cox MB, Stojanovska L. Beneficial effects of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on psychological symptoms and measures of sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women are not related to estrogen or androgen content. Menopause. 2008 Nov-Dec;15(6):1157-62.

- Dording CM, Fisher L, Papakostas G, et al. A double-blind, randomized, pilot dose-finding study of maca root (L. meyenii) for the management of SSRI-induced sexual dysfunction. CNS Neurosci Ther. 2008;14(3):182‐191.

- Dording CM, Schettler PJ, Dalton ED, et al. A double-blind placebo-controlled trial of maca root as treatment for antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction in women. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015;2015:949036

- Zenico T, Cicero AF, Valmorri L, Mercuriali M, Bercovich E. Subjective effects of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) extract on well-being and sexual performances in patients with mild erectile dysfunction: a randomised, double-blind clinical trial. Andrologia. 2009 Apr;41(2):95-9.

- Gonzales GF. Ethnobiology and Ethnopharmacology of Lepidium meyenii (Maca), a Plant from the Peruvian Highlands. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012;2012:193496.

- Prasad AS, Mantzoros CS, Beck FW, Hess JW, Brewer GJ. Zinc status and serum testosterone levels of healthy adults. Nutrition. 1996 May;12(5):344-8.

Sources et références pour études sur le ginseng : 

- Andrade E, de Mesquita AA, Claro Jde A, de Andrade PM, Ortiz V, Paranhos M, Srougi M. Study of the efficacy of Korean Red Ginseng in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Asian J Androl. 2007

- WHO, monographs on selected medicinal plants: Ginseng, volume 1. World Health Organization, Geneva, 1999.

- EMA/HMPC/321233/2012 Corr.1 Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC), Community herbal monograph on Panax ginseng, C.A.Meyer, radix, 25 March 2014

- Wee JJ, Mee Park K, Chung AS. Biological Activities of Ginseng and Its Application to Human Health. In: Benzie IFF, Wachtel-Galor S, editors. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd edition. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press/Taylor & Francis; 2011. Chapter 8.

- Irfan M, Kwak YS, Han CK, Hyun SH, Rhee MH. Adaptogenic effects of Panax ginseng on modulation of cardiovascular functions. J Ginseng Res. 2020 Jul;44(4):538-543. doi: 10.1016/j.jgr.2020.03.001. Epub 2020 Mar 28. PMID: 32617033; PMCID: PMC7322748.

- o Lü JM, Yao Q, Chen C. Ginseng compounds: an update on their molecular mechanisms and medical applications. Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2009;7(3):293-302, Lü JM, Yao Q, Chen C. Ginseng compounds: an update on their molecular mechanisms and medical applications. Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2009 Jul;7(3):293-302. doi: 10.2174/157016109788340767. PMID: 19601854; PMCID: PMC2928028.

- Hyun SH, Ahn HY, Kim HJ, Kim SW, So SH, In G, Park CK, Han CK. Immuno-enhancement effects of Korean Red Ginseng in healthy adults: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Ginseng Res. 2021 Jan;45(1):191-198. doi: 10.1016/j.jgr.2020.08.003. Epub 2020 Sep 16. PMID: 33437171; PMCID: PMC7790881.

- Hou JP. The chemical constituents of ginseng plants. Comp Med East West. 1977 Summer;5(2):123-45. doi: 10.1142/s0147291777000209. PMID: 608333.

- Zheng M, Xin Y, Li Y, Xu F, Xi X, Guo H, Cui X, Cao H, Zhang X, Han C. Ginsenosides: A Potential Neuroprotective Agent. Biomed Res Int. 2018 May 8;2018:8174345. doi: 10.1155/2018/8174345. PMID: 29854792; PMCID: PMC5964429.

- Al-Dujaili EAS, Abu Hajleh MN, Chalmers R. Effects of Ginseng Ingestion on Salivary Testosterone and DHEA Levels in Healthy Females: An Exploratory Study. Nutrients. 2020 May 28;12(6):1582. doi: 10.3390/nu12061582. PMID: 32481563; PMCID: PMC7352699.

- Luo JZ, Luo L. Ginseng on hyperglycemia: effects and mechanisms. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2009 Dec;6(4):423-7. doi: 10.1093/ecam/nem178. Epub 2008 Jan 3. Retraction in: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2020 Nov 24;2020:1698627. PMID: 18955300; PMCID: PMC2781779.

- de Andrade E, de Mesquita AA, Claro Jde A, de Andrade PM, Ortiz V, Paranhos M, Srougi M. Study of the efficacy of Korean Red Ginseng in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Asian J Androl. 2007 Mar;9(2):241-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7262.2007.00210.x. Epub 2006 Jul 11. PMID: 16855773.

- Jang DJ, Lee MS, Shin BC, Lee YC, Ernst E. Red ginseng for treating erectile dysfunction: a systematic review. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2008 Oct;66(4):444-50. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2125.2008.03236.x. Epub 2008 Jun 9. PMID: 18754850; PMCID: PMC2561113.

- Salvati G, Genovesi G, Marcellini L, Paolini P, De Nuccio I, Pepe M, Re M. Effects of Panax Ginseng C.A. Meyer saponins on male fertility. Panminerva Med. 1996 Dec;38(4):249-54. PMID: 9063034.

- Scaglione F, Cattaneo G, Alessandria M, Cogo R. Efficacy and safety of the standardised Ginseng extract G115 for potentiating vaccination against the influenza syndrome and protection against the common cold [corrected]. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 1996;22(2):65-72. Erratum in: Drugs Exp Clin Res 1996;22(6):338. PMID: 8879982.

- Im K, Kim J, Min H. Ginseng, the natural effectual antiviral: Protective effects of Korean Red Ginseng against viral infection. J Ginseng Res. 2016;40(4):309-314. doi:10.1016/j.jgr.2015.09.002

- Pei Y, Du Q, Liao PY, et al. Notoginsenoside ST-4 inhibits virus penetration of herpes simplex virus in vitro. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2011;13(6):498-504. doi:10.1080/10286020.2011.571645

- Suh SO, Kroh M, Kim NR, Joh YG, Cho MY. Effects of red ginseng upon postoperative immunity and survival in patients with stage III gastric cancer. Am J Chin Med. 2002;30(4):483-94. doi: 10.1142/S0192415X02000661. PMID: 12568276.

- Lee N, Lee SH, Yoo HR, Yoo HS. Anti-Fatigue Effects of Enzyme-Modified Ginseng Extract: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2016 Nov;22(11):859-864. doi: 10.1089/acm.2016.0057. Epub 2016 Oct 18. PMID: 27754709.

- Zhu J, Xu X, Zhang X, et al. Efficacy of ginseng supplements on disease-related fatigue: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2022;101(26):e29767. Published 2022 Jul 1. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000029767

- Yennurajalingam S, Reddy A, Tannir NM, Chisholm GB, Lee RT, Lopez G, Escalante CP, Manzullo EF, Frisbee Hume S, Williams JL, Cohen L, Bruera E. High-Dose Asian Ginseng (Panax Ginseng) for Cancer-Related Fatigue: A Preliminary Report. Integr Cancer Ther. 2015 Sep;14(5):419-27. doi: 10.1177/1534735415580676. Epub 2015 Apr 14. PMID: 25873296.

- Jin X, Che DB, Zhang ZH, Yan HM, Jia ZY, Jia XB. Ginseng consumption and risk of cancer: A meta-analysis. J Ginseng Res. 2016 Jul;40(3):269-77. doi: 10.1016/j.jgr.2015.08.007. Epub 2015 Sep 2. PMID: 27616903; PMCID: PMC5005362.

- Yun TK, Zheng S, Choi SY, Cai SR, Lee YS, Liu XY, Cho KJ, Park KY. Non-organ-specific preventive effect of long-term administration of Korean red ginseng extract on incidence of human cancers. J Med Food. 2010 Jun;13(3):489-94. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2009.1275. PMID: 20521975.

- Yun TK, Choi SY. Preventive effect of ginseng intake against various human cancers: a case-control study on 1987 pairs. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1995 Jun;4(4):401-8. PMID: 7655337.

- Sharma J, Goyal PK. Chemoprevention of chemical-induced skin cancer by Panax ginseng root extract. J Ginseng Res. 2015 Jul;39(3):265-73. doi: 10.1016/j.jgr.2015.01.005. Epub 2015 Feb 7. PMID: 26199559; PMCID: PMC4506367.

- Kim HS, Lim JM, Kim JY, Kim Y, Park S, Sohn J. Panaxydol, a component of Panax ginseng, induces apoptosis in cancer cells through EGFR activation and ER stress and inhibits tumor growth in mouse models. Int J Cancer. 2016 Mar 15;138(6):1432-41. doi: 10.1002/ijc.29879. Epub 2015 Oct 30. PMID: 26421996.

- Heo JH, Lee ST, Oh MJ, Park HJ, Shim JY, Chu K, Kim M. Improvement of cognitive deficit in Alzheimer’s disease patients by long term treatment with korean red ginseng. J Ginseng Res. 2011 Nov;35(4):457-61. doi: 10.5142/jgr.2011.35.4.457. PMID: 23717092; PMCID: PMC3659550.

- Heo JH, Lee ST, Chu K, Oh MJ, Park HJ, Shim JY, Kim M. Heat-processed ginseng enhances the cognitive function in patients with moderately severe Alzheimer’s disease. Nutr Neurosci. 2012 Nov;15(6):278-82. doi: 10.1179/1476830512Y.0000000027. PMID: 22780999.

- Yakoot M, Salem A, Helmy S. Effect of Memo®, a natural formula combination, on Mini-Mental State Examination scores in patients with mild cognitive impairment. Clin Interv Aging. 2013;8:975-81. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S44777. Epub 2013 Jul 24. PMID: 23950642; PMCID: PMC3740822.

- Kim JY, Park JY, Kang HJ, Kim OY, Lee JH. Beneficial effects of Korean red ginseng on lymphocyte DNA damage, antioxidant enzyme activity, and LDL oxidation in healthy participants: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Nutr J. 2012 Jul 17;11:47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-11-47. PMID: 22805313; PMCID: PMC3426460.

- Seo SK, Hong Y, Yun BH, et al. Antioxidative effects of Korean red ginseng in postmenopausal women: a double-blind randomized controlled trial. J Ethnopharmacol. 2014;154(3):753-757. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2014.04.051.

- Kim HG, Yoo SR, Park HJ, Lee NH, Shin JW, Sathyanath R, Cho JH, Son CG. Antioxidant effects of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer in healthy subjects: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Food Chem Toxicol. 2011 Sep;49(9):2229-35. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2011.06.020. Epub 2011 Jun 15. PMID: 21699953.

- Jung HL, Kwak HE, Kim SS, Kim YC, Lee CD, Byurn HK, Kang HY. Effects of Panax ginseng supplementation on muscle damage and inflammation after uphill treadmill running in humans. Am J Chin Med. 2011;39(3):441-50. doi: 10.1142/S0192415X11008944. PMID: 21598413.

- Lee JM, Hah JO, Kim HS. The effect of red ginseng extract on inflammatory cytokines after chemotherapy in children. J Ginseng Res. 2012 Oct;36(4):383-90. doi: 10.5142/jgr.2012.36.4.383. PMID: 23717140; PMCID: PMC3659604.

- Ahn CM, Hong SJ, Choi SC, Park JH, Kim JS, Lim DS. Red ginseng extract improves coronary flow reserve and increases absolute numbers of various circulating angiogenic cells in patients with first ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction. Phytother Res. 2011 Feb;25(2):239-49. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3250. PMID: 20641058.

- Jovanovski E, Jenkins A, Dias AG, Peeva V, Sievenpiper J, Arnason JT, Rahelic D, Josse RG, Vuksan V. Effects of Korean red ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Mayer) and its isolated ginsenosides and polysaccharides on arterial stiffness in healthy individuals. Am J Hypertens. 2010 May;23(5):469-72. doi: 10.1038/ajh.2010.5. Epub 2010 Feb 4. PMID: 20134405.

- Kim SY, Seo SK, Choi YM, Jeon YE, Lim KJ, Cho S, Choi YS, Lee BS. Effects of red ginseng supplementation on menopausal symptoms and cardiovascular risk factors in postmenopausal women: a double-blind randomized controlled trial. Menopause. 2012 Apr;19(4):461-6. doi: 10.1097/gme.0b013e3182325e4b. PMID: 22027944.

- Shishtar E, Sievenpiper JL, Djedovic V, Cozma AI, Ha V, Jayalath VH, Jenkins DJ, Meija SB, de Souza RJ, Jovanovski E, Vuksan V. The effect of ginseng (the genus panax) on glycemic control: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials. PLoS One. 2014 Sep 29;9(9):e107391. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0107391. PMID: 25265315; PMCID: PMC4180277.

- Vuksan V, Sung MK, Sievenpiper JL, et al. Korean red ginseng (Panax ginseng) improves glucose and insulin regulation in well-controlled, type 2 diabetes: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of efficacy and safety. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2008;18(1):46-56. doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2006.04.003

- De Souza LR, Jenkins AL, Sievenpiper JL, Jovanovski E, Rahelić D, Vuksan V. Korean red ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) root fractions: differential effects on postprandial glycemia in healthy individuals. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Sep 1;137(1):245-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2011.05.015. Epub 2011 May 17. PMID: 21619921.

- Sotaniemi EA, Haapakoski E, Rautio A. Ginseng therapy in non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients. Diabetes Care. 1995 Oct;18(10):1373-5. doi: 10.2337/diacare.18.10.1373. PMID: 8721940.

- Kim SY, Seo SK, Choi YM, Jeon YE, Lim KJ, Cho S, Choi YS, Lee BS. Effects of red ginseng supplementation on menopausal symptoms and cardiovascular risk factors in postmenopausal women: a double-blind randomized controlled trial. Menopause. 2012 Apr;19(4):461-6. doi: 10.1097/gme.0b013e3182325e4b. PMID: 22027944.

- Oh KJ, Chae MJ, Lee HS, Hong HD, Park K. Effects of Korean red ginseng on sexual arousal in menopausal women: placebo-controlled, double-blind crossover clinical study. J Sex Med. 2010 Apr;7(4 Pt 1):1469-77. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01700.x. Epub 2010 Feb 5. PMID: 20141583.

- Lee HW, Ang L, Lee MS. Using ginseng for menopausal women’s health care: A systematic review of randomized placebo-controlled trials. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2022;48:101615. doi:10.1016/j.ctcp.2022.101615

- Ko HJ, Kim I, Kim JB, Moon Y, Whang MC, Lee KM, Jung SP. Effects of Korean red ginseng extract on behavior in children with symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity: a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2014 Nov;24(9):501-8. doi: 10.1089/cap.2014.0013. Epub 2014 Nov 4. PMID: 25369174.

- Li X, Luo J, Anandh Babu PV, Zhang W, Gilbert E, Cline M, McMillan R, Hulver M, Alkhalidy H, Zhen W, Zhang H, Liu D. Dietary supplementation of chinese ginseng prevents obesity and metabolic syndrome in high-fat diet-fed mice. J Med Food. 2014 Dec;17(12):1287-97. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2014.0016. PMID: 25076190; PMCID: PMC4259183.

- Li Z, Ji GE. Ginseng and obesity. J Ginseng Res. 2018 Jan;42(1):1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jgr.2016.12.005. Epub 2017 Jan 10. PMID: 29348715; PMCID: PMC5766689.

- Oliynyk S, Oh S. Actoprotective effect of ginseng: improving mental and physical performance. J Ginseng Res. 2013 Apr;37(2):144-66. doi: 10.5142/jgr.2013.37.144. PMID: 23717168; PMCID: PMC3659633.

- Cristina-Souza G, Santos-Mariano AC, Lima-Silva AE, Costa PL, Domingos PR, Silva SF, Abreu WC, De-Oliveira FR, Osiecki R. Panax ginseng Supplementation Increases Muscle Recruitment, Attenuates Perceived Effort, and Accelerates Muscle Force Recovery After an Eccentric-Based Exercise in Athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2022 Apr 1;36(4):991-997. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000003555. PMID: 32379240.

- Chu SF, Zhang JT. New achievements in ginseng research and its future prospects. Chin J Integr Med. 2009 Dec;15(6):403-8. doi: 10.1007/s11655-009-0403-6. Epub 2010 Jan 18. PMID: 20082243.

- Xu JN, Chen LF, Su J, Liu ZL, Chen J, Lin QF, Mao WD, Shen D. The anxiolytic-like effects of ginsenoside Rg3 on chronic unpredictable stress in rats. Sci Rep. 2018 May 17;8(1):7741. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-26146-5. PMID: 29773855; PMCID: PMC5958129.

- Qi HY, Li L, Ma H. Cellular stress response mechanisms as therapeutic targets of ginsenosides. Med Res Rev. 2018 Mar;38(2):625-654. doi: 10.1002/med.21450. Epub 2017 Jun 6. PMID: 28586505.

- Lee BR, Sung SJ, Hur KH, et al. Korean Red Ginseng inhibits methamphetamine addictive behaviors by regulating dopaminergic and NMDAergic system in rodents. J Ginseng Res. 2022;46(1):147-155. doi:10.1016/j.jgr.2021.05.007

- Zhu W, Zhang Y, Huang Y, Lu L. Chinese Herbal Medicine for the Treatment of Drug Addiction. Int Rev Neurobiol. 2017;135:279-295. doi:10.1016/bs.irn.2017.02.013

- Liu Y , Sui D , Fu W , Sun L , Li Y , Yu P , Yu X , Zhou Y , Xu H . Protective effects of polysaccharides from Panax ginseng on acute gastric ulcers induced by ethanol in rats. Food Funct. 2021 Mar 21;12(6):2741-2749. doi: 10.1039/d0fo02947e. Epub 2021 Mar 8. PMID: 33681872.

- Huu Tung N, Uto T, Morinaga O, Kim YH, Shoyama Y. Pharmacological effects of ginseng on liver functions and diseases: a minireview. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012;2012:173297. doi:10.1155/2012/173297

- o Yeom, M.H. & Lee, J.Y. & Kim, J.S. & Park, C.W. & Kim, D.H. & Kim, H.K.. (2010). The anti-aging effects of Korean Ginseng Berry in the skin. Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy. 41. 26-30.

- Song KC, Chang TS, Lee H, Kim J, Park JH, Hwang GS. Processed Panax ginseng, Sun Ginseng Increases Type I Collagen by Regulating MMP-1 and TIMP-1 Expression in Human Dermal Fibroblasts. J Ginseng Res. 2012;36(1):61-67. doi:10.5142/jgr.2012.36.1.61

- Kim YH, Park HR, Cha SY, et al. Effect of red ginseng NaturalGEL on skin aging. J Ginseng Res. 2020;44(1):115-122. doi:10.1016/j.jgr.2018.09.006

- Hou JH, Shin H, Jang KH, et al. Anti-acne properties of hydrophobic fraction of red ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) and its active components. Phytother Res. 2019;33(3):584-590. doi:10.1002/ptr.6243

- Park GH, Park KY, Cho HI, et al. Red ginseng extract promotes the hair growth in cultured human hair follicles. J Med Food. 2015;18(3):354-362. doi:10.1089/jmf.2013.3031

- Cambria C, Sabir S, Shorter IC. Ginseng. [Updated 2022 May 8]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. Available from:

- 25 March 2014 EMA/HMPC/321232/2012 Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) Assessment report on Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, radix Based on Article 16d(1), Article 16f and Article 16h of Directive 2001/83/EC as amended (traditional use)

- Ginseng. In: Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed®). Bethesda (MD): National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; December 20, 2021.

- Nocerino E, Amato M, Izzo AA. The aphrodisiac and adaptogenic properties of ginseng. Fitoterapia. 2000;71 Suppl 1:S1-S5. doi:10.1016/s0367-326x(00)00170-2

- Wan Y, Yang L, Li H, et al. Zingiber officinale and Panax ginseng ameliorate ulcerative colitis in mice via modulating gut microbiota and its metabolites. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2022;1203:123313. doi:10.1016/j.jchromb.2022.123313

- Wang N, Wang X, He M, et al. Ginseng polysaccharides: A potential neuroprotective agent. J Ginseng Res. 2021;45(2):211-217. doi:10.1016/j.jgr.2020.09.002

- Chen W, Zhu X, Wang L, Xin X, Zhang M. Effects of two polysaccharides from Lepidium meyenii (maca) on intestinal immunity and inflammation in vitro. Food Funct. 2022;13(6):3441-3452. Published 2022 Mar 21. doi:10.1039/d1fo02659c

- Yakoot M, Salem A, Omar AM. Effectiveness of a herbal formula in women with menopausal syndrome. Forsch Komplementmed. 2011;18(5):264-268. doi:10.1159/000333430

- Kennedy DO, Haskell CF, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB. Improved cognitive performance in human volunteers following administration of guarana (Paullinia cupana) extract: comparison and interaction with Panax ginseng. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2004;79(3):401-411. doi:10.1016/j.pbb.2004.07.014

- Wesnes KA, Ward T, McGinty A, Petrini O. The memory enhancing effects of a Ginkgo biloba/Panax ginseng combination in healthy middle-aged volunteers. Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2000;152(4):353-361. doi:10.1007/s002130000533

- Bang VMJ, Aranão ALC, Nogueira BZ, et al. Effects of Rhodiola rosea and Panax ginseng on the Metabolic Parameters of Rats Submitted to Swimming. J Med Food. 2019;22(10):1087-1090. doi:10.1089/jmf.2019.0062

- Metwaly AM, Lianlian Z, Luqi H, Deqiang D. Black Ginseng and Its Saponins: Preparation, Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Effects. Molecules. 2019;24(10):1856. Published 2019 May 14. doi:10.3390/molecules24101856

- Jin YR, Yu JY, Lee JJ, et al. Antithrombotic and antiplatelet activities of Korean red ginseng extract [published correction appears in Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2008 Dec;103(6):588]. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2007;100(3):170-175. doi:10.1111/j.1742-7843.2006.00033.x

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